By Naphtali Hoff
Moses is introduced to us as an infant, floating down the Nile River in a reed basket. His mother had placed him in the water under the watchful eye of his elder sister Miriam, in a desperate attempt to preserve his life. Despite this tumultuous beginning, Moses experienced a relatively tranquil, privileged upbringing. While bathing in the Nile, Pharaoh’s daughter found the Hebrew newborn. She adopted and raised him in the royal palace. As a youth, Moses enjoyed every material comfort imaginable. Yet, he knew that he was not an Egyptian, and remained allied to his people and his heritage.
This sense of connection was discernible in Moses’ first recorded action. Though spoilt and pampered as Pharaoh’s adopted grandson, Moses strongly empathized with his embattled, embittered brethren, and would often come to “look at their burdens” (Exodus 2:10). One day, he observed an Egyptian taskmaster beating a Hebrew slave mercilessly. Moses, possessor of a compassionate and tender heart, intervened and killed the oppressor.
Through this single incident, the youthful Moses demonstrated a number of character traits that would define his future life as a leader.
- First, by voluntarily leaving the luxurious palace and going out to spend time with his oppressed and downtrodden brethren, Moses displayed personal humility. He felt himself to be no better than the others, despite his privileged status, and sought ways with which to help them. Power and privilege can lead to arrogance, but Moses checked his ego as he exited the palace doors.
- Second, he actively chose to identify and sympathize with his people when there was no requirement for him to do so. He had been fortunate enough to escape the rigors of servitude at an early age, and had no obvious motive to remain involved with his coreligionists. If anything, he had reason to keep his distance, out of concern that such a connection would compromise his privileged social position. But that did not stop this young leader from taking responsibility and action. Jewish tradition teaches that, “in a place where there is no man, strive to be a man.” (Avoth 2:6) It admonishes us to step forward as needed, even when one may not possess the ideal set of talents and skills for the task at hand. Moses was far from perfect. He was inexperienced. His speech was hampered by an impediment. Still, when he saw something that needed to be done, a job that no one else could do, he acted.
- Third, in killing the Egyptian, Moses fully placed the needs of another above his own. Moses well knew the consequence of his action – state execution – before he committed it. He easily could have looked the other way. Not only was he completely unfamiliar with the victim, but such abuse had occurred often enough without any previous opposition. Was his action really going to make a difference anyway?
Moses also had his own future to be concerned about. Why was this man’s blood redder than his own? Besides, how would it look if the one Hebrew to whom the Egyptians had displayed open clemency (by raising him in Pharaoh’s palace) would rise up and kill one of the royal taskmasters! Moses allowed none of these justifications to prevent him from doing what he felt to be the correct measure.